I am covering below topics in this post that will help you understand IVF process easily.

What is IVF ?
Natural Conception
Why IVF ?
IVF – the risks
IVF Success Rates


What is IVF ?

Process involves fertilization (combining eggs and sperm) outside the body in a laboratory.The treatment can be performed using your own eggs and sperm, or using either donated sperm or donated eggs, or both.
It stimulating multiple follicles and eggs to develop in the ovaries.During the procedure, a fertility doctor takes the eggs from the ovaries using a small needle and fertilizes them with sperm in a specialized lab. After fertilization happens, the eggs develop into embryos, place in the uterus. It is a complex and expensive procedure.

Natural Conception

In a normal pregnancy a male sperm penetrates a woman’s egg and fertilizes it inside her body after ovulation.When mature egg has been released from the ovaries. The fertilized egg (now an embryo) attaches itself to the wall of the uterus (womb) and begins developing into a baby. This is known as natural conception.

Why IVF ?

Some women are unable to become pregnant through natural conception and have to undergo fertility treatment to become pregnant.When it comes to infertility, IVF may be an option if you or your partner have been diagnosed with:

  • Fallopian tubes are blocked.Problems with the uterus.
  • The male partner has fertility problems (low sperm count or low motility).
  • Antibody problems that harm sperm or eggs.
  • Problems with ovulation.
  • Female age – over about 38 years of age.
  • Other techniques like fertility drugs or intrauterine insemination (IUI) have not been successful.
  • Endometriosis.
  • Unexplained fertility.Unexplained infertility means standard fertility tests have not found the cause of the fertility issue.


IVF – the risks

Following are the risks that may involve in this process.

Drug reaction

1.Hot flushes, feeling down or irritable, headaches and restlessness, Nausea.
2.Vomiting.
3.Difficulty in breathing.
4.Enlargement of the ovaries.
5.Difficulty sleeping.
6.Abdominal pain.

Ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS)

OHSS can cause symptoms such as a swollen stomach, stomach pains, nausea and vomiting.

Miscarriage

Ectopic pregnancy

When an embryo develops in your Fallopian tube rather than your womb, the pregnancy is said to be ectopic. Ectopic pregnancy can cause vaginal bleeding, low pregnancy hormone levels and miscarriage.

Multiple births

This is one of the risk involve.Having a multiple birth (twins, triplets or more) .Carrying more than one baby can cause babies to be born prematurely or with a low birth weight.Significantly raise the mother’s blood pressure.


IVF Success Rates

37% for women under age 35
30% for women age 35-37
20% for women age 38-40
11% for women age 41-42