People are very familiar with back pain because nearly one of every three getting this problem every year. It is quite common these days and it is very important to understand the reasons for lower back pain. Majority of people under the age of 45 are affected by lower back pain which is the real reason for limiting their movements or activities and keeping them away from work.
Lower back pain normally recovers within 5 to 6 weeks depending on the remedies and treatment person take. However, some back pain can continue for a long time or even years.
Reasons For Lower Back Pain
Your back is designed with bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, nerves, and tendons. Spine supports your back which is complex and consists of 24 separate bones called vertebrae. Problem with any of these parts may lead to back pain.
Non-Specific Low Back Pain
Non-specific low back pain is by far the most common type of back pain. As reflected from the name the exact reason in this case usually unknown but it does not include serious consequences. A simple strain of the muscles, tendons or ligaments around your back can be one of the reasons behind, but no one knows for certain. Nonspecific low back pain can be started gradually during any specific event or physical movement involving the back. Although it might be associated with twisting, straining, bending or lifting something heavy. In the beginning, it usually becomes extreme and serve but then gradually with the time gets dull and disappear. People who spend their day doing same repetitive tasks or sitting in the same position for hours or have poor posture are more likely to have this type of back pain and feel uncomfortable to move from one position to another. There are many other factors involve weight, age etc.
Specific Back Pain
Physical harm to any part of your spine can prompt this back pain. Includes,
- Slipped disc: it occurs when a disc bulges or ruptures and puts an intense load on your spinal cord nerves.
- Fracture: a crack in one of the bones in your back, perhaps due to osteoporosis
- inflammatory low back pain: caused by a condition such as ankylosing spondylitis. In this condition, your immune system causes inflammation in the spinal joints and ligaments.
Some other serious medical problems (e.g., infection, gallbladder disease, stomach problems) are one of the uncommon reasons for back pain.
Factors That Increase Back Pain
Back pain can hit anyone anytime but some particular attributes have connected that lead to higher risk.
- Age: most common between 35 and 55
- Gender: over 30 years women are more likely to have this problem.
- Smoking: nutrients and oxygen may not be able to reach to the back due to constricting the vascular system.
- Being overweight: excessive weight can put a load on the spine, resulting in conditions, such as spondylolisthesis.
- Poor physical fitness
- Tense muscles
- Hereditary conditions
- Anxiety and depression
- Pregnancy: As with obesity, pregnancy can cause back pain due to extra weight in the front of the body.
How to Prevent Lower Back Pain
If you’d like to avoid lower back pain, keep these tips in mind to stay away from back pain!
- Maintain a healthy diet and weight because back pain becomes worse by changing the center of gravity of one’s body.
- Get in touch with your chiropractic doctor.
- Avoid prolonged inactivity or bed rest. Discuss your doctor about the best sleeping positions. Select a mattress of medium firmness.
- Do physical activity.
- Maintain proper posture. Select the sitting with a straight back or low-back support.
- Avoid high-heeled shoes.
- Quit smoking.
- Don’t lift heavy weight or objects also avoid twisting while lifting.
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